Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a chronic condition that refers to pain and inflammation in the body's soft tissues. It may involve either a single muscle or a whole muscle group. In some cases, the area where a person experiences the pain may not be where the pain is generated. Experts believe that the actual site of the injury or the strain prompts the development of a trigger point that, in turn, causes pain in other areas. This situation is known as referred pain.
Trigger points can be identified by pain that results when pressure is applied to a specific area of a person's body. In the diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome, two types of trigger points can be distinguished:
Myofascial pain may develop from a muscle injury or from excessive strain on a particular muscle or muscle group, ligament or tendon. It can also be caused by an injury to muscle fibers, repetitive motions, or lack of activity (such as having a broken arm in a sling).
Treatments for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: